Anadromous fish: Fish that return from the sea to rivers to spawn.
Anal Fin: The last bottom fin before the tail.
Angler: Fisherman (gender neutral)
Artificial Lures Any style of manmade device with hooks used to catch fish.
Artificial Minnow: A lure designed to emulate a minnow generally produced from wood or plastic.
Bass: An aggressive game fish, most often referring to the freshwater fish. Black Bass, Largemouth Bass, Redeye Bass, Smallmouth Bass. The Red Drum are sometime referred to as Red Bass.
Bait: Enticement for a fish to bite the hook.
Baitcaster reel: A reel that employs a revolving spool for line storage.
Beetle Spin: Similar to a spinnerbait but smaller. Generally employs a soft plastic body instead of a skirt.
Black Drum: Drum, Striped Drum.
Blacktail Shiner Blacktips, Shiner.
Blue Crab: An edible blue colored crab native to the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico.
Boat Trailer Lights: The components and wiring necessary to illuminate a trailer for transport
Bobber: Cork or Float used to suspend a baited hook in the water.
Bobber Stopper: A gadget fixed to a fishing line used to stop a bobber from going past a predetermined point. See Sliding Bobber.
Bottom Fishing: A method of fishing in which the bait is held very near or on the bottom by a sinker.
Bottom Fishing Rig: A fishing rig designed to keep the bait on or near the bottom.
Brackish: As in brackish water, higher in salinity then fresh water. A mixture of salt and fresh waters existing in estuaries.
Braided Line: A very strong woven line with very little stretch.
Bream: Members of a large family of fish species, mostly fresh water and collectively referred to a Sunfish or Perch. Examples include Bluegill, the Redbelly, and Flier.
Cast Net: A circular throw net used to catch fish and bait.
Catfish: The general category of scale-less fish with long cat like whiskers around the mouth.
Caudal Fin: The tail.
Caudal Peduncle: The narrow section of the fish’s body just before the caudal fin.
Channel Catfish: Speckled Cat, River Cat, Forktail.
Circle Hook: The hook for catch and release. Circle hook image.
Crab: A crustacean with a shell and pincers. The two most often used as bait are the Blue Crab and the Fiddler Crab.
Crab Trap: A device used to catch crabs generally made of metal wire and in a box, Pyramid or hoop shape.
Crawfish: Crayfish, a freshwater crustacean resembling a lobster. Craw Daddy, Mud Bug.
Creek: A waterway or stream generally to small to be called a river. Jean in Southeast Texas.
Crevalle Jack: Jack Crevalle, Crevally.
Crickets: An insect used to catch pan fish. Usually rigged on a cane pole with a small hook and float.
Croaker: Atlantic Croaker, Hardhead.
Cork: Float used to suspend a baited hook in the water. See bobber.
Cut Bait: Natural bait such as fish, shrimp, or squid cut into pieces to fit on a hook.
Diadromous fish: Fish that migrate between saltwater and freshwater.
Dorsal Fin: Fin or fins on top of fish.
Earthworms: The original natural bait. Most often used to catch pan fish. Wigglers, Red Worms, Night Crawlers.
Ell Grass: One of many variety of aquatic vegetation.
Estuaries: Plural for estuary. The areas where bays, rivers, and slough meet the sea. Estuaries serve as nurseries for many salt water species.
Ethanol: A grain alcohol made from corn or other grains added to gasoline.
Fingerling: A small fish less than a year old.
Finger Mullet: Juvenile Mullet generally caught with a cast net and used as bait.
Fish Finder: An electronic device that produces a sonar signal through a transducer used to location fish and read water depths. Depth finder.
Fishing The act of trying to catch fish.
Fishing Pole: This term can be used to depict any rod with a line and hook attached from home made cane poles to expensive rod and reels.
Fishing Tackle: Any equipment used to catch fish.
Flathead Catfish: Apaloosa Cat, Granny Cat, Op.
Float: A cork used to suspend a baited hook in the water. See bobber.
Flounder: Very tasty flatfish found throughout coastal estuaries. Southern Flounder, Gulf Flounder, Summer Flounder, Fluke.
Fork Length: A method of measuring the length of a fish.
Free Line or Free Lining: Allowing a hooked live bait to swim away as if free, un-spooling line as it goes, generally without sinkers attached and always without a float.
Fry: (1) To cook in hot oil as in fish fry. (2) Baby fish.
Game Fish: A fish regulated by law because of its sporting popularity with anglers.
Goggle Eye See Warmout.
Golden Shiner Very good Bass bait.
Hook: If you don’t know what this is, stay at home. Mark in coastal Mississippi Fishing Hook Sizes!
Hybrid Striped Bass: A cross between the White Bass and Striped Bass.
Juvenile Fish: A fish that has not reached sexual maturity.